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Publications 著书和论文
简报

New Measures to Address Extreme Supply and Demand Pressures and Price Spikes in the Japanese Electricity Wholesale Market

NO&T Japan Legal Update

著者等
藤本祐太郎
出版社
长岛・大野・常松律师事务所
书籍名或刊登
杂志
NO&T Japan Legal Update 第28号(2021年6月)
语言

英文

相关信息
业务领域
请注意,本简报的目的是提供信息,并非提供法律建议。另外,本简报仅包括根据发行日(制作日)时点的信息,不包括该时点之后的信息。特别是速报可能会与现状的解释或惯例不同,敬请留意。

I. Introduction
In December 2020 and January 2021, Japan experienced extreme supply and demand pressures in its electricity market. In order to deal with the situation, Organization for Cross‐regional Coordination of Transmission Operators, Japan or OCCTO (a public organization established under the Electricity Business Act) instructed a number of electricity companies to operate their power plants at their maximum level and interchange electricity to the areas experiencing supply pressure. Major gas and oil companies also cooperated with the electricity companies by providing fuel needed to operate thermal power plants. The government additionally requested consumers to be more efficient in their electricity consumption.

This situation also caused a historic price spike in the electricity wholesale market. A new record high of JPY 251.0/kWh was set on January 15, 2021 in the spot market of the Japan Electric Power Exchange (“JEPX”). As a comparison, the average prices of JEPX spot markets from 2016 to 2019 were between JPY 8/kWh to JPY 10/kWh. This price spike further triggered a high imbalance fee, which is imposed on electricity retailers when they do not procure sufficient electricity to supply their consumers. The high imbalance fee in turn caused a financial crisis for a number of electricity retailers. While the government provided some financial support, such as requesting electricity utilities to allow the imbalance fee to be paid in installments, some electricity retailers have now been forced to commence bankruptcy procedures.

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